Shivaji Bhosle, popularly known as Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj, was a Maratha warrior and founder of the Maratha Empire in western India. His legacy continues to inspire generations, and he is considered a hero and a symbol of Hindu resistance against Muslim invasions. Here are five things you may not know about this legendary figure:
Shivaji Maharaj was born on February 19, 1630, in the hill-fort of Shivneri near Pune. His father, Shahaji Bhosle, was a Maratha general who served the Adil Shahi sultanate of Bijapur, and his mother, Jijabai, was a devout Hindu who instilled in him a strong sense of religion and culture.
Shivaji was a skilled warrior and military strategist, and he formed a guerrilla army of loyal soldiers known as the Mavalas. He used hit-and-run tactics to outmaneuver and defeat the powerful Mughal Empire, which had been dominating India for centuries.
Shivaji was a master of diplomacy and negotiation, and he formed alliances with other regional powers such as the Portuguese, British, and Siddis of Janjira. He also had a strong sense of justice and fairness and established a code of ethics known as the “Maratha Dharma.”
Shivaji was a patron of the arts and literature and had a deep respect for Sanskrit and Marathi languages. He encouraged the creation of several literary works, including the famous “Bhavartha Ramayana” by Saint Eknath.
Shivaji died on April 3, 1680, at the age of 52. His legacy continues to inspire and influence modern India, and he is considered a hero and a symbol of Hindu resistance against Muslim invasions. Several movies, books, and TV shows have been made about his life and achievements.