Hormones are the chemical messengers in our body that regulate various functions, including growth and development, metabolism, and reproduction. Here are the top 5 hormones in the human body and their functions:
Insulin: Produced by the pancreas, insulin regulates blood sugar levels by allowing glucose to enter the body’s cells, where it is used for energy. People with diabetes have issues with insulin production or use.
Thyroid Hormones: Produced by the thyroid gland, these hormones regulate metabolism, heart rate, and body temperature. Abnormal levels of thyroid hormones can lead to weight gain, fatigue, and other health issues.
Cortisol: Produced by the adrenal gland, cortisol is the body’s primary stress hormone. It helps regulate blood pressure, blood sugar levels, and the immune system. Prolonged stress can lead to elevated cortisol levels, which can have negative health effects.
Estrogen and Testosterone: These hormones are responsible for the development and regulation of sexual characteristics in men and women. Estrogen is primarily produced in the ovaries and is responsible for female reproductive health, while testosterone is produced in the testes and regulates male reproductive health.
Melatonin: Produced by the pineal gland, melatonin is responsible for regulating the body’s sleep-wake cycle. It is released in response to darkness and helps promote sleep.
These are the top 5 hormones in the human body and their functions. Hormones play an essential role in the body’s functioning, and maintaining a healthy balance is critical for overall health and well-being.